A Guide To The CITES Law On Rosewood Guitars

26 Comments

We explain how the CITES Law will affect guitarists. Could this mean guitars with Rosewood may become a thing of the past?

CITES rosewood

If you’re a guitarist, there’s a really good chance one or many of your guitars has been built using rosewood. Whether on the body of an acoustic, or more than likely the fretboard; rosewood has long been used to create guitars thanks to its beautiful sound, resonance and comfortable, hardwearing properties which make it ideal for fretboards. Now, with the new CITES laws coming into effect, those guitars you own could potentially be the last ones using that wood.

What is the CITES law?

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments designed to protect endangered plants and animals.
The CITES law was introduced on the 2nd of January 2017 and put restrictions on how certain woods were traded across international borders – especially the likes of rosewood.

Seeing as loads of guitars use rosewood for fretboards, the back and sides, and some guitars are entirely made of rosewood, everyone started freaking out a bit. Due to this restriction, the ordering of a guitar with rosewood became extremely difficult, as all of a sudden you needed CITES certification to trade rosewood guitars internationally.

Thousands of guitars and instruments using rosewood were suddenly stopped mid import and are still being held in ports all over the world due to the fact these guitars did not have the correct certification.

Fortunately, guitars with rosewood could be traded within one country without certification. However, if brands wanted to ship them internationally each item had to have the CITES certification stating how the wood was sourced and where it came from. This was to try and stop the highly valuable rosewood being sold illegally and help to discourage deforestation. Fortunately, almost all brands like Martin and Fender for example, are very responsible when it comes to sourcing tonewoods, however they, like every other brand will have to start applying for CITES certification for guitars imported into the E.U. after 4th Feb 2017.

What does this mean for guitar companies?

The bad news, is that due to the heavy cost of applying for these CITES certificates for large batches of guitars, is that certain brands will potentially have to raise the prices of guitars to keep up with the cost of documentation. To combat this extra cost, brands may start to completely phase out rosewood altogether.

The good news is that brands are looking to more sustainable tonewoods, making your guitar a far eco-friendlier investment. An added bonus is that your rosewood guitar could eventually become a collector’s item, too!

Fender are already changing their tonewoods

In response to the crackdown on rosewood, Fender have announced that they will stop using rosewood and other regulated woods on all their Mexican-made and American Elite guitars and basses from July/August 2017.

Mexican Fender Models using Pau Ferro

The Mexican fender guitars will now use the Pau Ferro tonewood that is very similar to the likes of rosewood. It was even used on the Stevie Ray Vaughan signature Strat – so you know it’s good!

Pau Ferro has been described as having a tonal quality firmly in the middle of Mahogany and Rosewood. It looks stunning thanks to rich caramel colours with black-purple lines and straight grain and is a beautiful substitute that we can’t wait to see on a Fender!

Fender American Elite using Ebony fretboards

The range of Fender American Elite guitars and basses will now use Ebony for their fretboards. Ebony has long been considered a premium tonewood thanks to its rich warm tones, great bass response and smooth feel. We’re excited to see how these new guitars look and feel.

Does this mean I won’t be able to get rosewood guitars anymore?

Well it’s hard to say exactly what’s going to happen, but as the sale, import and export of rosewood gradually becomes more difficult to navigate, availability will surely suffer too. This means that guitar companies will look to other types of wood to create their guitars, and potentially phasing out rosewood altogether, as hinted at by Fender. This means that your rosewood guitar could eventually become a collector’s item in as little as 10 years as getting hold of a guitar with rosewood becomes as scarce as an original 58 Les Paul!

What other woods now fall under the CITES law?

Unfortunately, it’s not just rosewood that is going to be hard to get hold of as the CITES law also includes the likes of Bubinga and more.

Here’s a list of the tonewoods which now need CITES certification:

  • All Rosewood and Palisander species of the genus Dalbergia;
  • Kosso (Pterocarpus erinaceus);
  • Bubinga (Guibourtia demeusei; Guibourtia pellegriniana; Guibourtia tessmannii)
  • African Blackwood
  • Cocobolo
  • Kingwood
  • Granadillo

Our advice? If there was ever a time to buy a guitar with rosewood fretboard or rosewood back and sides, or any of the other regulated woods - now’s the time to do it!

Do I need CITES Certification for my guitar?

Not necessarily. If your guitar or instrument was made before 2nd January 2017, you won’t need any certification to travel with your guitar. In addition, the law only requires you to produces a CITES Certificate if you’re carrying over 10kg of Rosewood,which is highly unlikely – you do have to travel WITH your guitar though.

The CITES Law mainly affects dealers and brands. Brands will start shipping their guitars with CITES Certification, or provide you with a website link to get your certificate, should you ever need to prove where the wood is from.

You can:

You can still buy and sell guitars with rosewood (and other regulated woods) within your country and freely within the EU.

You can travel with your guitar freely as long as you don’t have over 10kg (22lbs) of rosewood and other regulated woods.

You can’t:

You can’t order a guitar outside of the EU without the correct CITES certification. This is the responsibility of the exporter / retailer.

You can’t sell a guitar internationally without CITES Certification. If you’re selling a guitar which is 2nd hand internationally and it includes any of the regulated woods, you may have to prove that it’s older than Jan 2nd 2017.

So how does this affect me and my guitar?

Unfortunately this is all still all very up in the air at the moment, but from what we understand it mainly affects people who want to SELL their guitar, not just travel with it.

Let’s pretend you have a vintage Fender Rosewood Telecaster and you want to sell it internationally – in this case it will need to be accompanied by a CITES certificate and marked pre-convention, stating that it was made before CITES came into effect. This paperwork will also vary depending on where you are sending it from and where you are sending it too – confusing I know!

The key problem lies in the way these rules are being interpreted across the world. For example, the EU Commission states that the new requirements do not apply to sales between EU member states. So, if you live in the UK and want to sell your guitar to someone in France, you don’t need a certificate.

In addition, these rules state that you should be able to travel freely within the EU carrying your guitar as a personal item without needing a permit. However, you may still need to fill in CITES paperwork to sell your guitars overseas even within the EU – yep it’s a bit confusing. If you are from the UK and need more information, we suggest you contact the APHA (Animal & Plant Health Agency) via their government site.

Can I travel with my Rosewood guitar?

Yes. There is no issue with you travelling with it. As it is for personal use.

Can I buy guitars internationally?

As of December 8th 2017, the UK is still a member of the EU, until such time as Brexit and any relevant trade changes are implemented, then the EU and UK are one and the same regarding customs and free trade.

You can buy a guitar in the UK or EU country and have it shipped to you without CITES certification.

You can even fly to an EU country and travel back home with it without a CITES certification.

You can tour without CITES certification.

However, if you buy or sell any guitar with rosewood outside the EU and have it sent via a courier, to someone who lives outside of the EU, it will now require CITES certification.

For example, you may live in the UK find a vintage Les Paul on an American site. If you buy this guitar and have it shipped to you via courier it will require CITES certification to be shipped to you or it may get seized in customs.

In addition, if you sell a guitar to someone outside the EU, say Australia or America for example, and you are in the UK and you have it couriered you will have to have CITES paperwork accompany the guitar or it may be seized.

According to the CITES law you can still travel freely with your guitar, by road or air, as long as you are with it and it has less than 10kg or 22lbs of regulated (rosewood) materials.

This means you can visit countries outside the EU and buy a guitar and bring it back with you on the plane. So if you are in the USA and you see a cool guitar in a store, you are free to bring it back with you on the plane without CITES certification.

To summarise, you can buy and sell guitars without CITES within the EU. If you want to buy or sell outside the EU and have something couriered i.e. you won’t be accompanying the guitar on the trip – you WILL need CITES certification.

 

In summary

In summary, this is basically how the CITES law will affect guitarists:

  • Importing/exporting rosewood will become very expensive for brands
  • Guitar brands will eventually start switching to more sustainable woods that don’t require certification
  • Getting hold of a rosewood guitar will soon become difficult
  • You can travel with your guitar without certification unless you’re travelling with over 10kg of Rosewood
  • Certain guitars will start shipping with CITES “Passports”
  • Travelling musicians won’t need to worry as you only need CITES documents for post-convention instruments imported into the E.U. after 2nd Jan 2017. However, you may be asked to prove that your guitar is older than this on rare occasions.
  • Your Rosewood guitar will potentially become a collector’s item
  • If you're going to buy a guitar with rosewood, NOW is the time to do it!

If you want to find out more about CITES, click here, or contact us if you’re concerned about your guitar.

26 Comments on “A Guide To The CITES Law On Rosewood Guitars”

  • Pete
    17th June 2017

    Does CITES cover any of the following:
    - ebony
    - mahogany
    - maple?

    Thanks.

    • Lee Glynn
      19th June 2017

      Hi Pete, as far as we are aware, and based on information we have these woods are not under CITES regulations. Lee

  • José Valverde
    13th July 2017

    Hi, if I'm buying right now a guitar that has a top wood of rosewood in an oline store at the US, and I'm planning on bringing the guitar to my country (Ecuador) using a courier service, would I have any problems, would I need to fill out some special documentatior or pay anything?

    • Lee Glynn
      14th July 2017

      Hi José we would advise getting in touch with that store. However, based on the information we have, the store you purchase from should ship the guitar with CITES certification. -Lee

  • Lester Backshall
    16th August 2017

    Ebony is on the Red List of endangered species, and Madagascan ebony is listed in CITES appendix II. You might want to revisit your advice on this, and also how the Lacey act impacts exports to the US.

    • Lee Glynn
      16th August 2017

      Thanks Lester, we'll look in to this. All information was correct at time of publishing and this keeps evolving. Thanks. -Lee

  • Orel Arokidas
    16th August 2017

    Im planning on getting a dean MS V guitar which has a rosewood fingerboard from their website and I live in Israel. Can I get it or at least in the future or will I never get the chance?

    • Lee Glynn
      17th August 2017

      Hi Orel, to be sure, I would suggest contacting Dean directly. -Lee

  • Jarek
    10th October 2017

    Hi. I want to sell my guitar to the guy from USA. It's Ibanez with rosewood fingerboard. Where should I apply for the certificate? Is there any accuarte "step-by-step" info somewhere in internet? Please let me know.
    Cheers
    Jarek

    • Admin
      10th October 2017

      Hi Jarek, if you’re selling a guitar which is 2nd hand internationally and it includes any of the regulated woods, you will only have to prove that it’s older than Jan 2nd 2017 and you won't need a CITES certificate. If you bought the guitar after Jan 2nd 2017, then we'd suggest you contact Ibanez and see if they can send you a CITES Certification.

  • Phil Irwin
    12th October 2017

    As well as an instrument being shipped with a CITES Certificate, would I need to make any import applications for that instrument? Example shipping US to UK

    • Lee Glynn
      16th October 2017

      Hi Phil, as the implications of these laws are still being hammered out, I would suggest contacting the customs authority from where you're shipping FROM just to be on the safe side. -Lee

  • Me
    5th December 2017

    So, you saying, you can travel anywhere overseas with a pre 17 guitar or a vintage guitar an it ok? What anoying is it isnt clear an how do they know? If i go overseas with a 65 fender its ok? Cause what im reading if it gets taken thats it amigo. How do we be certain. Does a photo or a document save your arse? For instance i have a relic made 2016. Its on his fb posts being made dated as such. Does that save you? Or they just tryng to make coin on cites certificates. Thanx

    • Lee Glynn
      8th December 2017

      Hi, from our understanding it only becomes an issue when you are looking to sell your guitar. If you're travelling with your guitar, you shouldn't have a problem. Section 3 of this document https://goo.gl/jmcesb from the European Comission highlights this. If you are from the UK and need more information, contact the APHA (Animal & Plant Health Agency) via their government site. https://goo.gl/Wt6JbT - Lee

  • Jeff
    8th January 2018

    I am confused! I am buying a 1964 Fender Jaguar with Brazilian board. The exporter/individual selling to me has sent for a CITES certificate. He is now telling me that I may need one to import the guitar into the US as well. Is this correct? Thanks!!

    • Lee Glynn
      9th January 2018

      Hi Jeff, it's best to contact your local customs officials regarding this. You can find information if you are based in the UK here: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/animal-and-plant-health-agency -Lee

  • Aine
    6th February 2018

    Hi, we purchased a guitar for my husbands father! Everything good with the sale until we went to collect it! We are Irish living in Canada and want to bring it home! The sales man failed to mention when purchasing that the rosewood would be an issue!
    Now we are panicking that we could be in trouble leaving Canada! This guitar was not cheap and the good has been taken out of this gift!

    I know this might seem vague I’m not the most knowledgeable on this sort of thing!

    Thank you any information would be helpful

    • Lee Glynn
      13th February 2018

      Hi Aine, according to the CITES law you can still travel freely with your guitar, by road or air, as long as you are with it and it has less than 10kg or 22lbs of regulated (rosewood) materials. -Lee

  • Rafael Andrade
    3rd March 2018

    Hello, I live in Italy and left a guitar with my brother in the US. Can he ship it to me without a cites certification?

    • Lee Glynn
      5th March 2018

      Hi Rafael, we'd suggest checking with your local customs authority to be safe. -Lee

  • Craig Stone
    9th March 2018

    Hi, Great article and very helpful thanks. Heres a question - Im in Australia and selling 2 guitars to a guy in Holland and will fly them to him myself. As you say its ok to travel with a guitar with an indian rosewood fingerboard as a personal item without documentation but what about 2? Yes its under 10kgs of rosewood but would 2 guitars raise some other issue? ie a commercial amount? Any help greatly appreciated. cheers, Craig

    • Lee Glynn
      26th March 2018

      Hi Craig, Australian customs may be different, so it's best to check with them as I wouldn't want to give you the incorrect information. -Lee

  • Bill Brown
    1st April 2018

    Hi. I am buying a1964 Strat, with Brazilian Rosewood. It will require both the US CITES export Permit, and once obtained, I use this to get the UK CITES Import Certificate. These travel with the guitar, along with the Sales receipt so that US/UK Customs process it without difficulty. I paid $5000 for it and so will pay the import duty on that figure.

    Do you agree with the above requirements, or because it is pre convention, do I not need CITES certification?

    • Lee Glynn
      3rd April 2018

      Hi Bill, as it's under 10kg of Rosewood being exported you should be fine exporting that guitar with the US CITES certificate, based on what we know of the CITES regulations so far. As it's Brazilian rosewoood, you will need the US CITES certification at all times, so best to keep it on hand. Lee

  • Vassilis L.
    19th April 2018

    Hi, I bought a guitar from the US and the seller has provided the original CITES certificate alongside with some copies as well. Now the shipping company asks me to send them the original certificate. If in the future I would potentially want to sell the guitar, could I do it with just the copies of the certificate or would I need the original document to do so? (The guitar was made after the 2nd of Jan 2017)

    • Lee Glynn
      23rd April 2018

      Hi, we are unsure. I would suggest keeping hold of the original certificate in case you were asked to present it.

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